What is carbon steel?
As defined by the American Iron and Steel Institute, carbon steel is:
Steel is considered to be carbon steel when no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, niobium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium or zirconium, or any other element to be added to obtain a desired alloying effect; when the specified minimum for copper does not exceed 0.40 percent; or when the maximum content specified for any of the following elements does not exceed the percentages noted: manganese 1.65, silicon 0.60, copper 0.60.
Most the steel produced in the world falls into the category of carbon steel.
Are there different types of carbon steel pipes?
There are different classes of carbon steel. They are categorized by the percentage of carbon that is mixed with the base element, iron.
|Classes of carbon steel||Carbon content %|
|Ultra-high carbon steel||1.00 – 2.00|
|High carbon steel||0.60 – 0.99|
|Medium carbon steel||0.30 – 0.59|
|Low carbon steel||0.16 – 0.29|
|Mild carbon steel||0.05 – 0.15|
Do I need carbon steel?
It depends on your application. You may need steel, but you may need plastic, or even concrete or ceramic pipes may work for your needs. Carbon steel pipes do have a wide range of uses. For example, they are used for low pressure conveyance of gas, water, oil, air steam or other fluids. They are used in machinery, buildings, sprinkler systems, irrigation systems, and water wells.
Is it hard to work with carbon steel?
As with any materials, carbon steel pipes do offer their own challenges when working with them. The joining method is generally dictated by wall thickness, which in turn is dictated by size and use. There are a variety of carbon steel pipe fittings that can be used. In addition to joining, cutting carbon steel pipes offers its own challenges. Again though, the method for cutting is determined by the thickness and hardness of the pipe. Cutting carbon steel pipes could be accomplished by several methods ranging from handheld band saw to cutting torch.
Where can I get carbon steel pipe and carbon steel pipe fittings?
St. Louis Pipe and Supply has every type of carbon steel pipe and carbon steel pipe fittings you need. Even if you haven’t found it elsewhere, we can get it or we can make it.
Are there any other questions about carbon pipe they you would like to have answered? Feel free to comment or drop us a line, anytime.